Sabbath: The Human Condition

Image © Pacific Press from

Image © Pacific Press from

Read for This Week’s Study: Rom. 1:16-17Rom. 1:22-32; Rom. 2:1-10, Rom. 2:17-24; Rom. 3:1-2, Rom. 3:10-18, Rom. 3:23.

Memory Text: “All have sinned, and come short of the glory of God” (Romans 3:23).

Early in the book of Romans, Paul seeks to establish a crucial truth, one central to the gospel-the sad state of

the human condition. This truth exists because, from the Fall onward, we have all been contaminated by sin. It’s wired in our genes as is the color of our eyes.

Martin Luther, in his commentary on Romans, wrote the following: “The expression ‘all are under sin’ must be taken in a spiritual sense; that is to say, not as men appear in their own eyes or in those of others, but as they stand before God. They are all under sin, those who are manifest transgressors in the eyes of men, as well as those who appear righteous in their own sight and before others. Those who perform outwardly good works do them from fear of punishment or love of gain and glory, or otherwise from pleasure in a certain object, but not from a willing and ready mind. In this way man exercises himself continually in good works outwardly, but inwardly he is totally immersed in sinful desires and evil lusts, which are opposed to good works.” – Martin Luther, Commentary on Romans, p. 69.

Study this week’s lesson to prepare for Sabbath, October 21.

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Source: Daily Sabbath School Lessons